First Known Coral Reef in Iraq Discovered

The foremost recognized coral reef off the shore of Iraq was recently uncovered, based on a writing in the journal Scientific Reports.

The circumstances at the place — the mouth of the Shatt al-Arab River in southeastern Iraq — are remarkably chaotic and cold for a reef, with ocean water temperatures usually in the 50s (Fahrenheit).

“We were completely amazed to discover a dwelling coral reef under such type of extreme conditions,” main author Thomas Pohl from the Germany’s Institute for Geology Scientific Diving Center together with his co-workers have written. They added that the marine environments are often contaminated with oil and are residue packed, having the discovery all the more shocking.